# Liquidity Ratio

The liquidity ratio measures an individual's ability to meet short-term financial obligations without borrowing.

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#### Introduction

In personal finance, the liquidity ratio is a financial metric that measures an individual's ability to meet short-term financial obligations or emergency expenses without resorting to borrowing or selling long-term assets. It assesses the level of liquidity, or readily available cash and cash-equivalent assets, relative to short-term financial needs.

#### Calculation

The liquidity ratio is often expressed as a percentage and is calculated by dividing liquid assets by short-term financial obligations:

Liquidity Ratio = (Liquid Assets / Short-Term Financial Obligations) * 100

#### Where:

• Liquid Assets: These are assets that can be quickly converted into cash or used to cover expenses. Common examples include cash in checking and savings accounts, money market funds, and short-term certificates of deposit (CDs).
• Short-Term Financial Obligations: These are the immediate or near-term financial commitments that an individual needs to fulfill within a specified period. Examples include rent or mortgage payments, utility bills, insurance premiums, credit card bills, and other monthly expenses.

#### Role

The liquidity ratio is a vital measure of financial stability and preparedness. A higher liquidity ratio indicates a more financially secure position, as it suggests that the individual has sufficient liquid assets to cover their short-term obligations. On the other hand, a lower liquidity ratio may indicate a potential liquidity crunch or reliance on borrowing to meet financial needs.

#### Optimal Liquidity Ratio

The optimal liquidity ratio can vary depending on an individual's financial goals, risk tolerance, and life stage. Generally, financial advisors recommend maintaining a liquidity ratio of at least 20% to 30% to ensure a reasonable cushion for unforeseen expenses and emergencies.

#### In Summary

While a high liquidity ratio offers a sense of financial security, it's also essential to strike a balance between liquidity and long-term investment goals. Holding too much cash in low-yielding accounts may result in missed investment opportunities and hinder wealth growth. Therefore, individuals should carefully consider their liquidity needs while also allocating funds for long-term investments and retirement planning. Liquidity ratio is one of the key measures you'll be able to track on the Strabo dashboard, and a useful measure of financial health at any point in time.

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